No doubt hashcat is a good tool but what if you want to crack the encrypted document files like pdf or archive zip and smartly detect the hash type. John the ripper at your disposal for such things. You will learn about the basics of the JohnTheRipper suite in this post.
Take a step further in hashcat bruteforcing and learn how to perform a mask attack on the password length when provided the minimum and maximum length and charset of the passwords
In the infosec, password cracking is considered as the easiest part given that the encrypted password exists in the wordlist and you are patient enough to wait. Learn basics of the hashcat password cracking tool and how to prevent from being the target of password attack